Military rank - Wikipedia
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Leave and Liberty Leave Leave is the authorized absence of an individual from a place of duty, chargeable against the individual in accordance with applicable law. There are five types of leave available to active duty members: Earned leave may indicate a negative leave balance, but must not exceed the amount of leave a member would normally earn during the remaining period of obligated active duty in the Coast Guard.
Excess Leave Excess leave is authorized leave over and beyond any earned or advance leave that can be granted. Sick Leave Sick leave describes a period of authorized absence granted to persons while under medical care and treatment. Sick leave is not chargeable against your regular earned leave balance.
Liberty Liberty is defined as any authorized absence granted for short periods to provide a break from the working environment or for other specific reasons.
Liberty is not charged as leave. There are two types of liberty. Regular Liberty Regular liberty is a period, not to exceed three days 72 hourscommencing at the end of the normal working hours on a given day and expiring with the start of normal working hours on the next workday.
Special Liberty Special liberty is granted outside regular liberty periods for unusual reasons such as: Combining Leave and Liberty A member may not be on leave, immediately return to a liberty status, then immediately resume leave status. There is no Leave-Liberty-Leave. You may, however, be in a liberty status, commence leave and return to a liberty status. Liberty at Cape May Liberty is time off from recruit training.
It can be limited to Training Center grounds only, or your company may earn eleven hours off-base liberty in week seven of training. Liberty is a privilege that is earned and not automatically given to everyone. If you do not meet all required academic and physical fitness requirements you will not normally be afforded liberty.
While on liberty, you represent the United States Coast Guard and should take pride in your service. While on liberty, the consumption of alcohol by anyone under 21 years of age is not permitted.
Excessive consumption of alcohol by any recruit which results in intoxication or the inability to perform duties will be punished according to current policy. At the beginning of the music, the national ensign is hoisted quickly and smartly to the peak or truck. To half mast the ensign, first hoist the ensign quickly to the truck and then lower it slowly to half mast Bottom of the National Ensign immediately above the crosstree.
Evening Colors At evening colors sunsetthe procedure is the same as morning colors, except the national ensign shall be lowered at the start of the music and lowered slowly so that it is hauled all the way down at the end of the music. When lowering from half mast, you must first haul the national ensign smartly and quickly to the peak and then lower as prescribed above.
New members of the Coast Guard are often following a family tradition. Some new members are starting a new tradition and are the first Coast Guard members in their family. Whether you are new to the Coast Guard or not, it is vital that you pass along important information to your family. How you support your immediate family, and how you continue to fulfill your responsibilities to them are an important part of your military life.
More information can be found at http: For questions or concerns of an urgent nature, they can reach the Battalion Officer at or after-hours the Officer of the Day at They will take the application to the nearest ID card issuing military installation and get a dependent ID card.
If they are unable to get to a military installation prior to your graduation, your dependent may get a card issued either at Cape May by appointment only or at your first duty station.
Emergencies on board a ship require teamwork. Each person has a specific job and role that they need to perform in order to meet and overcome any problems. The WQSB displays the duties and responsibilities of each person during all ships drills and emergencies. Prompt action is necessary when there is a person overboard. Officer cadets are addressed to as "Mister" or "Miss" until the completion of the early stages of their training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst at which point cadets "pass out" and formally gain their commissionsthereafter other ranks non-officers will address them as "Sir" or "Ma'am".
While cadet has always been a rank of limited authority and prestige cadets and US Navy midshipmen have no authority over commissioned personnel, warrants, or officers, only subordinate cadetsmidshipman has historically been a rank with limited leadership responsibility, particularly in the Royal Navy where cadets are commissioned at the start of their training, unlike their Army counterparts. This tradition was continued by the US Navy after its original adoption of the rank, but now US Navy midshipmen are limited in the same manner as cadets in the other US services.
Additionally, US Marine officers in training are also midshipmen, trained and educated alongside their naval counterparts, and wear distinctive insignia to indicate their branch of service. US Coast Guard Academy students are referred to as cadets, while those attending the military branch's officer candidate school are officer candidates.
In the US an alternative to spending four years as a cadet or midshipmen is for college graduates with a four-year degree to attend officer candidate school, an intensive twelve week training course designed to convert college graduates into military officers. Each service has at least one, and usually several, officer candidate school facilities. Students at these programs are called officer candidates.
Warrant officer Warrant officers as receiving authority by virtue of a warrant are a hybrid rank treated slightly differently in each country or service. Warrant officers may either be effectively senior non-commissioned officers or an entirely separate grade between commissioned and non-commissioned officers, usually held by specialist personnel. In the United States, warrant officers are appointed by warrant then commissioned by the President of the United States at the rank of chief warrant officer.
Warrant officers range from WO1-CW5. A warrant officer is not a chief warrant officer until they reach W2. Enlisted personnel[ edit ] Enlisted personnel are personnel below commissioned rank and make up the vast majority of military personnel.
They are known by different names in different countries, such as other ranks ORs in the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth countries, and non-commissioned members NCMs in Canada. Non-commissioned officer Non-commissioned officers NCOs are enlisted personnel, under the command of an officer, granted delegated authority to supervise other military members or assigned significant administrative responsibilities. They are responsible for the care and direct control of junior military members, often functioning in the smaller field units as executive officers.
Even the most senior NCO officially ranks beneath the most junior commissioned officer or warrant officer.
U.S. Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve
However, most senior NCOs have more experience, possibly including combat, than junior officers. In many armies, because junior officers have a great amount of responsibility and authority but little operational experience, they are paired with senior NCO advisers.
In some organizations, senior NCOs may have formal responsibility and informal respect beyond that of junior officers, but less than that of warrant officers. Many warrant officers come from the ranks of mid-career NCOs.
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In some countries warrant ranks replace senior enlisted ranks. NCO ranks typically include a varying number of grades of sergeant and corporal air force, army and marinesor chief petty officer and petty officer navy and coast guard. In many navies the term 'rating' is used to designate specialty, while rank denotes pay grade.
In some countries warrant officers come under the non-commissioned officer branch senior non-commissioned officiers. In the United States Marine Corps individuals of all ranks regardless of command status may be referred to as "Marine". In the United States Air Force individuals of all ranks regardless of command status may be referred to as "airman".
Shortly after the Sailor's Creed was formally instituted, Secretary of the Navy John Dalton directed that the word "Sailor" should be capitalized when referring to any uniformed member of the Navy.
In some countries and services, personnel in different branches have different titles. These may have a variety of grades, such as private first classbut these usually only reflect variations in pay, not increased authority. These may or may not technically be ranks, depending on the country or service. Each rank gives the individual an indication of how long and how well they have served in combat and training. Appointment[ edit ] Appointment refers to the instrument by virtue of which the person exercises his or her authority.
Officers are appointed by a royal commission in most monarchies or a presidential commission in many other countries. In the Commonwealth, warrant officers hold a royal or presidential warrant. In the United States, officers are appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate.
Most officers are approved en bloc by voice votebut flag officers are usually required to appear before the Armed Services Committee and answer questions to the satisfaction of its members, prior to a vote on their commission. NCOs are appointed by an instrument of appointment, a written document, often a certificate, usually from the service head.
Entry into service is often referred to as enlistment throughout the English-speaking world, even in countries where soldiers do not technically enlist. Sometimes personnel serve in an appointment which is higher than their actual rank. For instance, commodore used to be an appointment of captain in the Royal Navy and lance corporal used to be an appointment of private in the British Army. Types of rank[ edit ] There are a number of different forms of rank; from highest to lowest degree, they are: A retired rank is usually kept for life, if the officer so concerned wishes.
In the Commonwealth of Nationssuch an officer will also hold the style of Esquireif they do not hold a higher title.
Veterans rank is different in each country. Members of the United States military maintain their highest rank after discharge or retirement. A person not on active duty who served honorably in time of war in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may bear the title and wear the uniform of the highest grade held by him during that war. After a war, regular serving members of the military holding war substantive or temporary rank often revert to their former, substantive rank and all others often end their service.
However, the holder may be granted permission to permanently retain the rank they held when the conflict ended. The holder holds the rank while occupying that position. Despite the name, temporary rank may be held for a considerable period of time, perhaps even years. In wartime, temporary ranks are often common. In the United Kingdom, the rank of brigadier was long considered a temporary rank; while its holder was addressed as "brigadier," he would retain the substantive rank of colonel or lieutenant-colonel if not selected for promotion to general officer rank.
Sub-classes of temporary rank from highest to lowest include: Acting is where the holder assumes the pay and allowances appropriate to the acting rank, but a higher commanding officer may revert the holder to previous rank held.