Census in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia
A research guide introducing Census Records as Sources for Family History. In , these would be abbreviated to S (Scotland), I (Ireland) & F (Foreign Parts). Dates of the enumerations and additions to the information previously recorded . Scottish censuses remain in Scotland and all are indexed with images online. Search over half a million Scottish family history records for free: census, We add to these collections all the time, follow us on Facebook to keep up-to-date or choose for yourself what you want us to For information on the coverage of each of our online record sets, click here · Pre Censuses and Population Lists. Indexes to the Scottish censuses are also in many British colonies on the same dates as in the United Kingdom. A name-indexed version is also online at beljournalist.info
A small number of older records exist in local record offices as by-products of the notes made by enumerators in the production of those earlier censuses; these might list all persons or just the heads of households.
- Record Sets
- Census in the United Kingdom
- Census Returns (Scotland)
The Census was the first to intentionally record names of all individuals in a household or institution. The primary legislation for Northern Ireland was introduced in Before this legislation, it was necessary to have a separate act of parliament for each census.
Because of the disruption caused by the Second World Warthere was no census in However, following the passage into law on 5 September of the National Registration Acta population count was carried out on 29 September Censuses were taken on 26 April in Great Britain, but the returns for England and Wales were destroyed in an accidental fire during the Second World War. Every household was given a short form to complete, while a sample of the population was given a long form to collect more detailed information.
The short form was used for the population count and to collect basic information such as usual address, sex, age and relationships to other household members. This was the first and only time that a five-yearly census was carried out in the UK.
A number of datasets are also made available. Public access to individual census returns in England and Wales is normally restricted under the terms of the year rule Lord Chancellor 's Instrument no. Some argue that ministers and civil servants in England and Wales made no attempts to strictly enforce the year census closure policy untilfive years after the Freedom of Information Act was passed, which, they argue, effectively abolished the year rule.
Guide Three: Census Records (England and Wales)
However, personal information provided in confidence is likely to be exempted if disclosure could result in successful prosecution for breach of confidence. Scotland[ edit ] National censuses in Scotland have been taken on the same dates as those in England and Wales, but with differing legislation, governorship and archiving arrangements.
The census was the first to be taken under full domestic control, while all preceding censuses since had been under the control of the Registrar General for Scotland. Unlike the censuses for England and Wales, there was a statutory bar on early release of the census details.
Ireland and Northern Ireland[ edit ] Irish censuses from before have not generally survived to the present day,  due to a combination of official incompetence the and returns were pulped before they could be transcribed into booksnon-retention andand a fire during the Irish Civil War in The and censuses for Ireland all of which was then part of the UK have been available for inspection since — they were made available earlier than the other British records, since Irish law is different on this matter.
No census was taken in due to the disruption of the Irish War of Independence. The first census taken in the Irish Free State now the Republic of Ireland was in April ; the first Northern Ireland census occurred at the same time. As well as their occupation, the industry in which the person was employed. If employed by a government, municipal or other public body, the name of that body. Parish and county of birth for anyone born in the UK which included all of Ireland.
If born elsewhere in the British Empire, the colony or dependency, and the state or province.
For anyone born outside England and Wales, whether they were resident or visitor in the country. Nationality of anyone born overseas whether British by parentage, British by naturalisation including year of naturalisation or, if a foreign national, of which country.
In the Infirmity column, the age at which the person had become afflicted. Unoccupied houses and non-residential properties such as churches and factories are also listed. Places in the census The first page of each enumeration book contains a description of the area covered.
From onwards there are separate sections for a description of the boundaries of the ED, and for a list of the streets or dwellings included.
Scotland Genealogy Records
From an exact address was required, including the house name or number, if any. However, in rural areas the only information given still might be the name of the village or parish. Numbers in the left-hand column are schedule numbers, and should not be mistaken for house numbers. A note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census year. In and the number of rooms in a dwelling was listed, if fewer than five.
From to a census entry for a new household is indicated by a new schedule number. In a line is ruled across the page at the end of a building, or half-way across the page between households within a building. Example of a census form for vessels.
Census Returns (Scotland)
Ships and institutions in the census Special enumeration books were completed for institutions such as workhouses, barracks and hospitals in every census year fromincluding Special schedules for vessels were introduced inalthough none are known to survive from that year, so in practice was the first year to include returns from the Royal Navy and merchant shipping, at sea and in ports at home and abroad.
Due to the difficulties of collecting enumeration books from ships in distant ports, shipping returns are likely to be incomplete. In all returns from the Royal Navy and from merchant vessels are at the end of the series, but after that vessels in home ports are listed at the end of the districts where they were moored, and only those in foreign waters are grouped together at the end of the series.
There are no surviving records for Royal Navy ships in foreign waters in Common census terms and abbreviations In addition to the terms and abbreviations described below, section 5 and section 7 of this guide describe other conventions used in the censuses. Relationships from In practice, the head of the household was often the oldest male, but not necessarily.
Everyone else, whether wife, son, servant or anyone else, should have been described in relation to this person, but this was not always followed accurately.
A boarder is someone who resides within the household but is not a relative or servant, while a lodger only rents a room or rooms, but these terms are often used interchangeably. Rank, profession or occupation There were specific instructions on recording extra details for several occupations; notably the professions, the armed forces, public servants and anyone involved in agriculture or manufacturing.Episode 118 - Grandmas & Grandpas, Free Transcription Software, PERSI, and more
There are many reasons that explain why you might not find somebody in the census.