Gospel of Mark - Wikipedia
Mark's gospel. Scholars are in general agreement that this is the earliest of the gospels, and thus of key importance for our dating of the other. Synoptics and. Dr. Dan Wallace makes a good case for an early dating for the gospel according to Mark, around AD. This [Addendum: and other. For these reasons people often date Mark to the years either immediately antecedent to or shortly after Most scholars think that the Gospels of Matthew and.
Structure[ edit ] There is no agreement on the structure of Mark. France to characterise Mark as a three-act drama.4. The Reliability of the New Testament (Authorship & Dating)
Myers, has made what Edwards calls a "compelling case" for recognising the incidents of Jesus' baptism, transfiguration and crucifixion, at the beginning, middle and end of the gospel, as three key moments, each with common elements, and each portrayed in an apocalyptic light.
Smith has made the point that the structure of Mark is similar to the structure of a Greek tragedy  Style[ edit ] Examples of Mark's literary style include the use of summaries, in which several stories about Jesus are all wrapped up into one description Mark 6: Jesus gathers his disciples; he begins teaching, driving out demons, healing the sick, cleansing lepers, raising the dead, feeding the hungry, and giving sight to the blind; he delivers a long discourse in parables to the crowd, intended for the disciples, but they fail to understand; he performs mighty works, calming the storm and walking on water, but while God and demons recognise him, neither the crowds nor the disciples grasp his identity.
He also has several run-ins with Jewish law keepers especially in chapters Jesus asks the disciples who people say he is, and then, "but you, who do you say I am?
The Early Date of Mark’s Gospel
Jesus goes to Jerusalem, where he is hailed as one who "comes in the name of the Lord" and will inaugurate the "kingdom of David"; he drives those who buy and sell animals from the Temple and debates with the Jewish authorities; on the Mount of Olives he announces the coming destruction of the Temple, the persecution of his followers, and the coming of the Son of Man in power and glory.
A woman perfumes Jesus' head with oil, and Jesus explains that this is a sign of his coming death; Jesus celebrates Passover with the disciples, declares the bread and wine to be his body and blood, and goes with them to Gethsemane to pray; there Judas betrays him to the Jews; interrogated by the high priest, he says that he is the Christ, the Son of God, and will return as Son of Man at God's right hand; the Jewish leaders turn him over to Pilatewho has him crucified as one who claims to be "king of the Jews"; Jesus, abandoned by the disciples, is buried in a rock tomb by a friendly member of the Jewish council.
The women who have followed Jesus come to the tomb on Sunday morning; they find it empty, and are told by a young man in a white robe to go and tell the others that Jesus has risen and has gone before them to Galilee; "but they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid Mark 16 The earliest and most reliable manuscripts of Mark end at Mark It could indicate a connection to the theme of the " Messianic Secret ". Whatever the case, it is clear that Mark's Jesus looks forward to a post-death meeting in Galilee, and it is likely that at that meeting, like the final meeting in Galilee that Matthew depicts, Mark's Jesus would command the disciples to take his message to the nations.
There is much discussion of this theme among scholars. Some argue that the author of Mark was using the disciples to correct "erroneous" views in his own community concerning the reality of the suffering messiah, others that it is an attack on the Jerusalem branch of the church for resisting the extension of the gospel to the gentiles, or a mirror of the convert's usual experience of the initial enthusiasm followed by growing awareness of the necessity for suffering.
It certainly reflects the strong theme in Mark of Jesus as the "suffering just one" portrayed in so many of the books of the Jewish scriptures, from Jeremiah to Job and the Psalms, but especially in the " Suffering Servant " passages in Isaiah. It also reflects the Jewish scripture theme of God's love being met by infidelity and failure, only to be renewed by God.
The Dating Game and St. Mark’s Gospel
And in the real-world context in which the gospel was written, the persecutions of the Christians of Rome under Nero, the failure of the disciples and Jesus' denial by Peter himself would have been powerful symbols of faith, hope and reconciliation. There remains continuing debate over how far the "secret" originated with Mark and how far he got it from tradition, and how far, if at all, it represents the self-understanding and practices of the historical Jesus.
Mark's understanding of Jesus[ edit ] See also: Mark was written about 65 A. Of the three observations, Observation 1, dating Luke before 63 A. Yet this date for Luke should be quite obvious.
- Gospel of Mark
The reasons why are described in our article on Luke and Acts. It would probably be accepted with little dissent, were it not for the belief that it seems logically impossible to believe all three of our fundamental observations, and the other two have very strong evidence indeed. We have already seen how there is a clear connection between the three synoptic gospels.
We should now endeavor to explain why Mark is usually understood to be written first. Volumes have been written on the subject, so we will limit ourselves to a brief explanation. First, Mark is the shortest of the three gospels, and in ancient literature modifications tend to produce longer accounts rather than abbreviated accounts.
Second, Mark's sayings are the most "difficult", while in the parallel passages in Matthew and Luke, they read more easily. For example, all three synoptic gospels describe Jesus being rejected in his own home town of Nazareth, but Mark includes the difficult phrase, "He could do no miracle there Matthew softens the statement, making it "And He did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief" Matt It is more likely that Luke took the simpler Greek from Mark and refined it than that Mark took the advanced Greek of Luke and made it less so.
We should now turn our attention to when the book of Mark, as we have it today, was written.
As early as the time of the church fathers, it has been accepted that Mark was addressed to the church in Rome, and that it was written at a time when the church there was under persecution. This best fits the time of the persecution launched against the Christians by Nero after Rome burned in 64 A.
Dating the New Testament
The text of Mark supports this. Aramaic phrases in Mark are included but always translated for the reader Mark 3: This implies an audience outside of Judea. Mark also mentions names of members of the Roman church Mark Mark is known to have been in Rome after Paul was imprisoned based on Col 4: That the gospel was written to a church under persecution can be seen from the way the stories in the gospel are told. For example, Mark has a most unusual and seemingly abrupt ending in Mark The angel at the empty tomb commands the women to "go and tell", but in This means the gospel of Mark was written at a point in time when Mark was in Rome, and when the church there was undergoing persecution.
Early Dating for the Gospel according to Mark | Apologetics and Agape
This would be after the ending of the book of Acts, during the persecution of Nero, around A. I believe that the solution to this dilemma lies in our understanding of the development of the Gospel of Mark. Many students, as they begin to learn about the Bible, are instinctively surprised to hear that at least 30 years passed between the death and resurrection of Jesus and the writing of the earliest gospel. They reluctantly accept the instruction of more experienced teachers who assure them that yes, there was such a gap in time, and provide plausible reasons why such a gap developed.
However, the initial intuition of the students has strong merit and should not be set aside so quickly. The Jewish community of the first century A.