It’s time to end America’s war in Afghanistan | Mike Fuchs | Opinion | The Guardian
Jan 31, Half of Afghan population now estimated to be displaced by war, with many fleeing He says US will begin withdrawing its forces by . the talks at a later date, though the Taliban insist they will not stop fighting until all. For Afghanistan, the Soviet withdrawal did not mean an end to the fighting, however. space aboard Faith 7 on the longest American space mission to that date. The United States invasion of Afghanistan occurred after the September 11 attacks in late , supported by close US allies. The conflict is also known as the U.S. war in Afghanistan. Date, October 7, – December 17, Location .. The Bush administration agreed on a plan to start supporting Massoud.
Civil war in Afghanistan — The Taliban's early victories in were followed by a series of costly defeats.
Abdul Haq also gathered a limited number of defecting Pashtun Taliban. The Taliban captured Mazar-i-Sharif in and drove Dostum into exile. The conflict was brutal.
According to the United Nations UNthe Taliban, while trying to consolidate control over northern and western Afghanistan, committed systematic massacres against civilians. UN officials stated that there had been "15 massacres" between and The Taliban especially targeted the Shiite Hazaras.
Fighting alongside Taliban forces were some 28,—30, Pakistanis and 2,—3, Al Qaeda militants. State Department confirmed that "20—40 percent of [regular] Taliban soldiers are Pakistani. According to the U. State Department report and reports by Human Rights Watch, other Pakistani nationals fighting in Afghanistan were regular soldiers, especially from the Frontier Corpsbut also from the army providing direct combat support.
The history of the Afghanistan war - CBBC Newsround
There were rumours in the weeks before the September 11 attacks that Juma Namanganihad been appointed as one of the top commanders in the brigade. He had founded al-Qaeda in the late s to support the mujahideen's war against the Soviets, but became disillusioned by infighting among warlords. A smaller number were inducted into al-Qaeda.
Embassy bombings were linked to bin Laden, President Bill Clinton ordered missile strikes on militant training camps in Afghanistan. Inthe United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on the Taliban, calling for bin Laden to be surrendered. These teams planned several operations, but did not receive the order to proceed from President Clinton.
Their efforts built relationships with Afghan leaders that proved essential in the invasion. Infor example, the U. Massoud responded that, as long as he controlled an area the size of his hat, he would continue to defend it from the Taliban. They insisted it was the time for a cease-fire and an arms embargo. At the time, Pakistan began a " Berlin-like airlift to resupply and re-equip the Taliban", financed with Saudi money. Subsequently, Osama bin Laden was indicted for his involvement in the embassy bombings.
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
In both the U. No matter how many allied forces deploy to Afghanistan, there is no victory to be had on the battlefield.
This is a fact that imprisons US presidents and policymakers — imagine being the president who withdrew US troops from Afghanistan, only to then suffer another terrorist attack on US soil planned in Afghanistan. There is no good option.
And so, America fights. Terrorists are not going anywhere — 17 years later, the Islamic State has joined al-Qaida as a threat.
Pakistan will not change its two-sided policy of working with the US in Afghanistan with one hand while quietly enabling the Taliban with the other. As these facts remain unchanged, the war continues to blight the daily lives of Afghans, who have been at war on and off for almost 40 years now. There is no telling when this horrific cycle of war and violence will end for them. But it also seems clear that the US cannot end it with the military alone.
In welcome news, the US recently began direct talks with the Taliban. The United States engaged in direct negotiations with the Taliban during the Obama administration, but those talks produced little.
There has long been a debate over whether to talk to the Taliban, but there will be no end to the war without some sort of political agreement that includes the Taliban. A ceasefire in June this year signaled that this time could be different, and the United States must urgently press forward with these diplomatic negotiations to end the war.